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作者:道扁道 来源:原创 发布日期:09-22

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自学考雅思 7.0,要做到些什么? 怎么学?

????曾经自学雅思一个半月,一战7.5, 二战8分。本攻略是当时的备考经历的总结,总字数10000左右,花了一周整理资料,一周手动码字,考雅思7分,看这一篇就够了。建议先收藏并点赞后(敲黑板!人与人之间需要信任!)2018.3.19 终于把阅读篇写出来,雅思系列正式完成!雅思阅读部分如何提高??www.zhihu.com2018.2.27 特地把听力部分专门拓展写了出来,给大家参考。雅思听力如何复习??www.zhihu.com2018.2.25 特地把口语部分专门拓展写了出来,给大家参考。如何在一个月左右迅速提高口语(雅思口语)水平??www.zhihu.com按照惯例,先发成绩单:申请季有无数的同学还在饱受雅思的煎熬,很多同学考了很多次,每次都距离目标学校的雅思要求差一点点,这次口语差0.5,下次口语够了听力又差0.5,几次考下来大脑一片空白。但不得不继续考,考了3次4次的同学不在少数。7分雅思,小分6.5是很多英美一线学校和王牌专业的门槛,很多学弟学妹们私信我询问雅思的方法,为了回应大家的热情,特地花了两周写了这篇《英语的道和术:雅思篇》以助大家‘烤鸭’大业。本文是该系列连载第三篇。本文主要由四部分组成:脑图如下1. 雅思7分是什么样的存在, 2.备考准备,3.考试体验,4.考后申诉。雅思7分:首先让我们了解一下雅思7分到底是一种什么样的存在。根据雅思2015年的官方统计(最新):在学术雅思类别中,绝大多数(76%)母语为中文的考生的雅思水平在5到6.5之间。得到平均分7及以上的只有不到14%,其中7分的有9%,7.5分的有4%,8分的有1%。更完整数据见:https://www.ielts.org/teaching-and-research/demographic-data此外,中国考生的平均分为5.7,写作和听力比较薄弱,分别为5.3和5.4,远远落后于其他国家的考生。综合以上官方数据可以了解,雅思7分的难度整体来说还是比较大的,只有14%的中国考生可以到达,口语和写作是要重点加强的版块。听说读写四个版块的比重都相同,雅思均分只有X.5和X.0,因此0.25会进到0.5, 0.75则会进到1。 比如听力6.5,阅读6.5,写作5分,口语7分,算下来平均分是6.25,真正成绩单上则会计为6.5。 以下是官方解释: Scores for each of the four parts are equally weighted. The overall band scores are calculated by taking the mean of the total of the scores of the four individual parts. Overall band scores are reported to the nearest whole or half band. For the avoidance of doubt, the following rounding convention applies: if the average across the four skills ends in .25, it is rounded up to the next half band, and if it ends in .75, it is rounded upto the next whole band. Thus, a candidate achieving 6.5 for Listening, 6.5 for Reading, 5.0 for Writing and 7.0 for Speaking would be awarded an overall band score of 6.5 (25 ÷ 4 = 6.25 = Band 6.5). Similarly, a candidate achieving 4.0 for Listening, 3.5 for Reading, 4.0 for Writing and 4.0 for Speaking would be awarded an overall band score of 4.0 (15.5 ÷ 4 = 3.875 = Band 4.0). However, a candidate achieving 6.5 for Listening, 6.5 for Reading, 5.5 for Writing and 6.0 for Speaking would be awarded band 6 (24.5 ÷ 4 = 6.125 = Band 6).详情见https://takeielts.britishcouncil.org/find-out-about-results/understand-your-ielts-scores/overall-band-scores-explained因此要拿到平均7分,小分不低于6.5分,阅读和听力要尽量拿到7.5分及以上。要拿到平均8分,听力和阅读一定要拿到8分以上。备考准备:考试时间: 因为雅思有效期只有两年,为了在申请研究生时成绩仍然有效,大部分同学一般都会在大二暑假之后考。大三有机会出去交换的同学一般都会选择在英国就考出来。我在英国交换的时候因为比较忙没有在那边考,是14年暑假回国考的。总共考了两次,当时是连续报名的,时间相隔一周,方便一次发挥失常后可以趁热继续考第二次。考试地点:1. 考试所在国家对给分有影响吗?答:根据大家普遍反映的情况是英国,港澳台,日本等给分都普遍高于大陆这里的分数差异就是在主观分:口语和写作了。特别英国口语都会给得比较高,一般来说国内6分在英国可以拿到7分左右,但写作不一定。2. 在大陆考,考场所在的城市对给分有影响吗?答:很多同学都觉得一些二三线城市的给分会比较高,因为当地考生的英语水平可能相对比较差。我当时也这么想的,特地去了安徽合肥考的。但是后来发现大家都是这么想的,当时同个考场的几个同学互相一问,全是从江浙沪来的。所以其实区别不大。3. 传说中4分南海神尼,5分笑面虎老头等考官真的存在吗?答:传说只是传说 。咱付这么多钱去考,这个服务还是不能太坑的。成绩只会上下波动1分之内,毕竟存在考官,题目和学生的个体差异性。(敲黑板! 下面介绍备考方法以及听说读写的注意点)备考时间:需要准备考试的时间因人而异,主要考个人英语的基础。不过雅思作为一个考试当然要想取得高分,需要通过练习及总结来掌握其技巧,这样才能有效备考。我第一次考试是准备了一个半月,第二次考试是直接考完第一次后下一周考的。(当时直接报了两次连续的,第一次找找感觉。)备考总战略和材料:总战略:说到底雅思是留学的语言能力考试,是为了学术英语而准备的。所以学术英语是本,这意味着你要在有限的空间与时间里最大程度的体现你的学术水平,也就是你的语言表达能力与你一部分的思维能力。而做到这一切非同看美剧那样轻松,或是如看原版小说那样可以根据个人喜好调整。雅思本质是应试。如果经过一场雅思考试,你拿到了目标学校要求的分数,就代表了你有相当的学术英语水平参与该校的学习。分数可以很大部分向你自己以及申请学校反映你的语言能力,而分数的评定有它的官方标准,是可控的。所以,在制定备考计划之前,不妨先根据自己的实际情况定一个目标分数,并去雅思官网上看目标分数所对应的标准。详情见:https://takeielts.britishcouncil.org/find-out-about-results/understand-your-ielts-scores/overall-band-scores-explained备考雅思的路子多,但唯一不变的是至少在考前一段时间内,持续的输入与输出,适应这种考试形式。听、说、读、写在一个学习共同体中。你听力收获的句式与词汇,阅读收获的文章结构,甚至练口语时收获的话题,都可以作为复习雅思的尚好材料,不断整理在自己的雅思资料库中。要拿到7分,不能盲目信任市面上畅销的雅思教材,死记硬背,考试的时候生搬硬套。如果你是考官,看到的表达都千篇一律,你会给高分吗?主要用的备考教材:剑桥雅思真题 剑5-剑10在备考的时候,我以研究真题和官方答案为主。在这些基础上,我主动地创造一些独特的语料库和新鲜的表达,在考试的时候可以直接套用。下面来说说听说读写的具体备考情况: (图来自我当时的雅思备考笔记)听力:如上图我的笔记所示,听力要拿8分及以上一定要把错误控制在4个以内。做听力的技巧核心就是抓定位词。 虽然听力主要看以前的积累,但是雅思的听力实际上比较简单,可以通过大量练习迅速提升。我当时是每天做一套真题听力练习,错的多文章进行听写练习,然后总结错误。注意点:1. 不要犯小错误 (如单词拼写,大小写,题目的字数要求等),这些地方丢分非常可惜,答案其实就是那几个常见单词。2. 遇到没听清楚的一空不要慌,丢了就丢了,继续做题。不要因为一个空而乱了整个方寸。(平时练习的时间就要训练良好的心理素质)3. 多练习多选题,一般在第三道大题,我认为这个是听力里难度最大的,现在几乎每次必考,可能一错就错两个。4. 不要留空!没听到也要根据上下文猜一下答案。想想你交的钱~怎么着也得答完呐! (图来自我当时的雅思备考笔记)阅读:如听力,阅读要拿8分及以上一定要把错误控制在4个以内。阅读这部分和听力很像,核心还是抓定位词,快速寻找答案而不是要求全文理解,抓住大概意思就好。因为我平时书看得比较快,所以这一部分我基本没特别准备。每天也是做一套真题,熟悉题型。我的技巧(适合阅读速度快的同学):为了保持准确率,我一般是每篇文章先看题目,再去文章里找答案并划出来,一个个对应过去。我一般40分钟内做完阅读,再花20分钟回过头每个检查一遍。有时间多钻研一下Not given这种题目,有时候你知道是这样,答案偏偏不是,要了解雅思的逻辑。 (图来自我的雅思笔记)口语:主要是三个部分,第一部分是自我介绍,第二部分是话题描述,第三个是与考官讨论。如下图: (图来自我的雅思笔记)以下是雅思官方口语的打分标准:因为来自小城市,高中学的是完全哑巴英语,不知音标为何物,我的发音一直不是很好。在这里和大家分享一下短时间内提高到口语7分水平的一些技巧(7分以上需要很多积累,难以速成)。口语四项评分准则及学习方向:流利度和连贯性(Fluency and Coherence)1、多熟悉题型。2、part 1 和part 3 说三句话以上,可以补充说明more details,比如该事带来的影响、举例、个人经历等。3、避免长时间停顿。4、减少频繁的重复和自我更正次数。词汇(Lexical Resource)1、平时注意积累一系列的词汇描述不同的话题,更高级点的词汇,包括俗语、俚语等等。比如like two peas in a pod. 形容两人非常相似。2、阅读中注意积累固定搭配。3、在和老外的交流中pick it up。4、注意单词的含义 (Connotation):褒义、贬义、中性。例如slim (褒义), thin (中性),skinny (贬义)。5、平时注意积累不常用的词汇以及常用词的不常用用法。比如into,I am really into music. 我非常喜欢音乐。foodie吃货。语法 (Grammatical Range and Accuracy)1、减少语法错误。2、简单句、复杂句交错使用,不要有大方向的语法问题。多用条件状语从句。发音 (Pronunciation)1、评分标准中提及:有第一语言的口音也没有关系。2、重读。英语里常用的发音习惯和发音技巧,比如单词的重音、句子的重音。一句话中,想强调哪个单词就重音读它。3、Intonation 音调起伏。激动开心时音调上扬,伤心悲痛时音调低沉。4、Chanting 一句话中有短暂的停顿。中间有稍微的停顿,而不是一个单词一个单词跳出来。5、连读和吞读。例如Missed departure发音只读一个d。应试口语提分技巧如何提高流利度1、平时多说多练,抓住每次练习的机会。Practicemakes perfect.2、通过录音、回放,给自己当考官,注意自己有没有连接词,是否有过多停顿,不断进行自我反思以及提升。PS: 如果自己录音听不出来,需要老师或老外在旁边指导。如何提高词汇量1、积累好词、近义词、和某个话题相关的词汇,多去应用新积累的词汇。2、注意Range of vocabulary3、Collocation (词语搭配):e.g. Pay attention to, focus on如何提高语法1、知道简单句、复杂句的句式,熟记语法结构及规则。2、遇到同样意思的句子可以尝试用多种表达方式及句式,多加练习。如何提高发音1、多结交外国朋友并和他们进行口语交流,学习他们的发音。耳濡目染,潜移默化地进行提升。2、看美剧、英剧,去模仿发音、日常对话等等。真实考题案例解析Part 1Do you usually write by hand or write using acomputer?建议词汇:must-have tool, enhance/build up mymemory, get used toPart 2Describe a family member who you are proud of?You should say:Who this person isHow often you spend time togetherWhat he or she does that makes you proudAnd explain why you are proud of this person看到题目第一步,先分类各种话题,比如该话题是人物,然后从脑海中搜集所积累的词汇和句式。该题建议词汇:like two peas in a pod, inseparable形影不离的, look up to尊敬一些核心Tips:1. 纠正语音 (当时用的剑桥语音国际教程ship orsheep)这本书。 主要是think 和thought这类的咬舌音,元音的长音短音还有说话的重音和语调。2. 找一个口语小伙伴每天练习一个雅思口语真题,role play,一个当考官一个当考生,互相计时并指出错误(非常推荐)。我当时是和一个烤鸭小伙伴每天练习的,给了我很多的帮助,在这里特别感谢( 后来那位小伙伴也考到了7分)。3.我私下里会提前写好一些题目的答并背下来,同时整理自己的口语语料库。 很多句子可以当万金油,当你卡住的时候可以套用一下。但是一定要用自己的答案,不要背别人的。大家都用那几本书的几句话,考官早知道的,发现会直接给了5分。要注意归纳那些万金油句子,topic反正就那几个。4. 回答问题的答案最好是新颖有意思的,比如一些时政新闻社会争论等。5.尽量用好的词汇,这里不代表难词,大词,而是合适的词汇。6.考前两周集中练习那些最近两周内的题库。最新真题题库可以在51雅思找到。考时注意点:1. 考试时尽量不要突然中断 (比如很流利地背完自己准备的东西后就没和考官大眼瞪小眼了)。2. 就算是提前有准备,也要认真和考官交流 (眼神啊,面部表情), 不要说得像个机器人或者赶着超生。咱交了这么多钱,至少也得慢慢享受一下考官们的服务。能说多少是多少,还要带感情。遇到自己熟悉的题目也要淡定地说完,遇到完全不熟悉的题目努力联系到自己准备的题目。3. 态度要好,不管考官长得多么苦恨仇深,咱都得当大爷供着,乐滋滋的。 4. 第二道题时有一分钟准备,写下几个平时自己容易错的地方提醒自己如单复数,she 、he等等。这类错误犯了很多的话就肯定7分以下了。第二道题要说到考官让你停为止。5. 第三道题要注意和考官讨论,回应考官的问题。写作:终于到了最后一部分写作。小作文我主要参考真题答案的表达自己进行总结, 大作文主要靠‘雅思8分万能作文’和平时积累。 当时笔记总结做了37页。小作文:我是把所有类型的图表都总结了一下,主要是一些常用的描述性表达。总结后每种图表在考前都至少练习了3遍。大作文: 主要熟悉一下不同文体的文章结构,让自己的观点要有充足的论证。同时整理一些好的词汇和表达。当时整理了36页的大作文语料库,基本包括所有话题。写作顺序因人而异,我一般是先写大作文再写小作文,因为大作文分数多。大作文控制在300字以内,留下足够时间给小作文。最后我想推荐Writing Academic English这本书。就像在本文刚开始提到的,雅思作为留学的一个语言考试,本质上是学术英语的一个预热,是为学术英语服务的。虽然这本书不是雅思写作直接的应试教科书。它讲的是更宏观地如何提高学术英语写作,对雅思写作的提高和深化自然很有帮助。Brief introduction:* A step-by-step approach guides students through the process of writingparagraphs and essays.* Clear models and varied practice help students to develop confidence and amature writing style.* Examples with academic content prime students for college work.* Appendices offer easy reference for key writing, grammar, and researchinformation.New to the Fourth Edition* A chapter dedicated to each pattern of essay organization* A chapter on argumentation and using material from outside sources* Thought-provoking readings from authentic sources* An expanded chapter on summary and paraphrase* Instruction in the basics of research and documentation*从一个段落到一篇论文,循序渐进地引导读者*清晰的模型与多样的练习帮助形成写作自信以及成熟的写作风格*以学术内容为背景的例子适应大学学习的需要*附录提供了有关写作要点、语法以及研究信息的参考*一个章节讲述了不同的论文结构*一个章节着重强调了如何有效论述以及从外部获取写作材料*一个新增章节讲述总结与分段*一些引人深思的权威阅读材料*在搜索、采集信息与记录上的指导----------------------------------------------------以下是此书中有关连接词的内容。希望能帮助大家达到coherence and cohesion的标准。之前上传的表格内容高糊,手动打出来啦。希望对大家有帮助~Source: Oshima, A and Hogue, A (1999) Writing Academic English Third Edition.White Plains: Longman 以下其他功能的链接词在雅思考试中也需重视:1.表明时间与频率的词汇:in general, every, some, after, on the whole,usually, most, at other times, inmost cases; frequently; main; finally; as a rule; rarely; before; meanwhile,etc.(其中时间顺序词汇:then, first, at once, , next, after that ,previously, while, when, the following day, etc.)2.表示文章的组织结构的词汇: 1)Listing: firstly, in the first place, secondly, thirdly, the next point is,last/finally, etc.2)Illustrating: namely, as an example, for example/for instance, to illustrate,an example/ instance of this is, let us take…..,take…. for example, that is,etc.3)Re-stating: in other words, that is to say, to put it another way, let me putit this way, or rather,namely, etc.4)Referring: in this respect,in that connection, as it said, apart from this,etc.5)Resuming: to resume, to return to the previous point, getting back to theargument, etc.6)Summarizing: to sum up, all in all, in consequence, in brief, as a result,the point is, in conclusion, therefore, hence, in sum, in short, it amounts tothis, what I have been saying is this, etc. 7)Emphasizing: it is worth noting,this essay would like to direct people's attention to, it can be consideredthat, sth must now turn to, it shall begin by, etc. 3.表明作者的观点与态度 1)表示附加(观点): as well (as), just as, again, along with, also, moreover, further,furthermore, in addition (to), what is more, additionaly, likewise, in the sametime, etc.2)原因:because (of), since, owing to, on account of, due to, as a result of, etc.3)结果: as a result, hence,therefore, consequently, thus, so, etc.4)转折:although, instead, rather than, though, otherwise, it is also the case, foranother perspective, in / by contrast, on the contrary, on the other hand,nevertheless, whereas, while, yet, however, but,etc.5)对比: in like manner, likewise, in the same way, similarly, in comparison with, etc.6)Purpose:to this end, for this purpose, with this in mind, in order to, so that, etc.7)Intensification:indeed, in fact, in any event / case, at no time, to tell the truth, etc.8)表明个人观点:it seems\appears that; the fact that…, suggests that…; the factthat…,leads to the inference that…; it is possible\feasible\probable that…;etc.考试当日:我的考试体验:口语:考口语那天我早上5点起来进行最后的回顾。我把之前准备的语料库全背了好几遍,查看了近期的题库。1. 第一次考试:考官是个带很奇怪口音的黑人大叔。 这位考官看起来一脸不爽,虽然我笑得很灿烂,还是坑了。第二道题问我参加过的一个比赛。刚好是我准备过的。考完想着这次还不7分稳了?最后才6.5分。亏我还一开始就夸人家穿着有品位。2. 第二次考试:考官是一个高冷的白人老爷爷。这次进行得比较正常,第二道题的时候题目是说说你的一个外国朋友。我就说了一个信仰伊斯兰教的朋友,而且说到我以前对伊斯兰这个宗教的偏见以及他是怎么改变我这个看法的。。最后扯到ISIS去了。第三道题说到友谊,我就从社会学的角度给了一些答案。听力:我第一次考试时,听力放到最后一题耳机坏了。最后三个空猜的,当时无语了,主要是我在试听时发现了耳机有一点点噪音,但没有报告老师。(特别提醒,这里情况下一定要要求更换耳机!!!!不然一门塌方,后面全都白考了)阅读:因为之前高速练习得多,考试的时候比较适应,留下了较多的时间反复检查。写作:第一次考试:大作文写high了,写了400多字,花了太多时间,结果写小作文的时候只有10分钟了。遇到的还是最新的流程图,描述“怎么腌咸鱼”,于是第一次悲剧了。第二次考试:吸取了教训,大作文见好就收,结果还好。注意点:1. 小作文的时态!2. 大作文字数最理想是300左右,不要写太多也不要太少。考前多练流程图,好像考得比较热门。3. 写大作文前最好在纸上列个简要的思路 (1-2分钟),这样写起来有目的性。小作文是完全能靠套路搞定的,大作文要靠平时积累。‘雅思8分万能作文’是完全由老外写的,表达要诗意化了,可以稍微借鉴一下其语言,'慎小嶷十天突破雅思写作'则太公式化了,用它的套路写大作文风险很大。 两者综合一下比较好。大作文要紧扣自己的argument,偶尔也可以卖弄一下文采,用一些排比,倒装,虚拟啥的。考后复议:当觉得自己成绩和想象出入比较大,或者某一门就差0.5不妨试试申诉。 每次考试只能申诉一下,需要1050RMB。 申诉成功能全额退款,申诉失败能不退。所以建议对自己的发挥有信心而且就差一点点的同学申诉一下。常见疑问:1.要不要写一封洋洋洒洒让人看了泪流满面的申诉信?答:不需要,写了也不会被重新审核的考官看到。你的录音和作文是被送到英国雅思中心由资深专家重新审核的。2. 申诉会降分吗?答:不会,申诉结果要么是原分不动,钱没了,要么是分提高,钱退回。3. 申诉要花多久?答:一般是在官网提交申诉请求后一个月内通知结果。4.申诉能提高多少分? 一般单科0.5或者1分。 提高之前改的考官比较离谱。我的申诉:我第一次考完,觉得写作和口语分数太离谱,选择了申诉,结果申诉失败。第二次考完因为作文只有6.5,觉得太坑,又去申诉,这次申诉成功了,从6.5成功提到7.5,于是均分也从7.5变到8了。以下是申诉成功的文件,供大家参考:如果你对我关于语言学习方面回答感兴趣,欢迎关注:《英语的道与术连载》:方法论:潇峰学长:怎样才能从英语很糟糕的人变成英语很厉害的人?单词:潇峰学长:有什么相见恨晚的背单词方法?结语:好了,以上就是我的雅思总结,希望对大家有所帮助。也祝大家早日拿到烤了这只鸭子并拿到自己心仪学校的offer。PS:很多学弟学妹私信我问题,特地建了一个雅思学习交流群,群内每天有英语单词简报和英文阅读简报,每周日分享一次学长精心整理的干货,定期组织交流和答疑。和一群正能量,爱好语言的小伙伴抱团学习。需要的小伙伴请在我的微信公号 潇峰学长 (xuxiaofeng600)回复“入群”。良心码字,如果你觉得本文有帮助,就点赞让更多被雅思所苦的小伙伴看到哈~谢谢!

ceng jing zi xue ya si yi ge ban yue, yi zhan 7. 5, er zhan 8 fen. ben gong lue shi dang shi de bei kao jing li de zong jie, zong zi shu 10000 zuo you, hua le yi zhou zheng li zi liao, yi zhou shou dong ma zi, kao ya si 7 fen, kan zhe yi pian jiu gou le. jian yi xian shou cang bing dian zan hou qiao hei ban! ren yu ren zhi jian xu yao xin ren! 2018. 3. 19 zhong yu ba yue du pian xie chu lai, ya si xi lie zheng shi wan cheng! ya si yue du bu fen ru he ti gao? www. zhihu. com2018. 2. 27 te di ba ting li bu fen zhuan men tuo zhan xie le chu lai, gei da jia can kao. ya si ting li ru he fu xi? www. zhihu. com2018. 2. 25 te di ba kou yu bu fen zhuan men tuo zhan xie le chu lai, gei da jia can kao. ru he zai yi ge yue zuo you xun su ti gao kou yu ya si kou yu shui ping? www. zhihu. com an zhao guan li, xian fa cheng ji dan: shen qing ji you wu shu de tong xue hai zai bao shou ya si de jian ao, hen duo tong xue kao le hen duo ci, mei ci dou ju li mu biao xue xiao de ya si yao qiu cha yi dian dian, zhe ci kou yu cha 0. 5, xia ci kou yu gou le ting li you cha 0. 5, ji ci kao xia lai da nao yi pian kong bai. dan bu de bu ji xu kao, kao le 3 ci 4 ci de tong xue bu zai shao shu. 7 fen ya si, xiao fen 6. 5 shi hen duo ying mei yi xian xue xiao he wang pai zhuan ye de men kan, hen duo xue di xue mei men si xin wo xun wen ya si de fang fa, wei le hui ying da jia de re qing, te di hua le liang zhou xie le zhe pian ying yu de dao he shu: ya si pian yi zhu da jia' kao ya' da ye. ben wen shi gai xi lie lian zai di san pian. ben wen zhu yao you si bu fen zu cheng: nao tu ru xia 1. ya si 7 fen shi shen me yang de cun zai, 2. bei kao zhun bei, 3. kao shi ti yan, 4. kao hou shen su. ya si 7 fen: shou xian rang wo men liao jie yi xia ya si 7 fen dao di shi yi zhong shen me yang de cun zai. gen ju ya si 2015 nian de guan fang tong ji zui xin: zai xue shu ya si lei bie zhong, jue da duo shu 76 mu yu wei zhong wen de kao sheng de ya si shui ping zai 5 dao 6. 5 zhi jian. de dao ping jun fen 7 ji yi shang de zhi you bu dao 14, qi zhong 7 fen de you 9, 7. 5 fen de you 4, 8 fen de you 1. geng wan zheng shu ju jian: https: www. ielts. org teachingandresearch demographicdata ci wai, zhong guo kao sheng de ping jun fen wei 5. 7, xie zuo he ting li bi jiao bo ruo, fen bie wei 5. 3 he 5. 4, yuan yuan luo hou yu qi ta guo jia de kao sheng. zong he yi shang guan fang shu ju ke yi liao jie, ya si 7 fen de nan du zheng ti lai shuo hai shi bi jiao da de, zhi you 14 de zhong guo kao sheng ke yi dao da, kou yu he xie zuo shi yao zhong dian jia qiang de ban kuai. ting shuo du xie si ge ban kuai de bi zhong dou xiang tong, ya si jun fen zhi you X. 5 he X. 0, yin ci 0. 25 hui jin dao 0. 5, 0. 75 ze hui jin dao 1. bi ru ting li 6. 5, yue du 6. 5, xie zuo 5 fen, kou yu 7 fen, suan xia lai ping jun fen shi 6. 25, zhen zheng cheng ji dan shang ze kuai ji wei 6. 5. yi xia shi guan fang jie shi: Scores for each of the four parts are equally weighted. The overall band scores are calculated by taking the mean of the total of the scores of the four individual parts. Overall band scores are reported to the nearest whole or half band. For the avoidance of doubt, the following rounding convention applies: if the average across the four skills ends in . 25, it is rounded up to the next half band, and if it ends in . 75, it is rounded upto the next whole band. Thus, a candidate achieving 6. 5 for Listening, 6. 5 for Reading, 5. for Writing and 7. for Speaking would be awarded an overall band score of 6. 5 25 4 6. 25 Band 6. 5. Similarly, a candidate achieving 4. for Listening, 3. 5 for Reading, 4. for Writing and 4. for Speaking would be awarded an overall band score of 4. 15. 5 4 3. 875 Band 4. 0. However, a candidate achieving 6. 5 for Listening, 6. 5 for Reading, 5. 5 for Writing and 6. for Speaking would be awarded band 6 24. 5 4 6. 125 Band 6. xiang qing jian https: takeielts. britishcouncil. org findoutaboutresults understandyourieltsscores overallbandscoresexplained yin ci yao na dao ping jun 7 fen, xiao fen bu di yu 6. 5 fen, yue du he ting li yao jin liang na dao 7. 5 fen ji yi shang. yao na dao ping jun 8 fen, ting li he yue du yi ding yao na dao 8 fen yi shang. bei kao zhun bei: kao shi shi jian: yin wei ya si you xiao qi zhi you liang nian, wei le zai shen qing yan jiu sheng shi cheng ji reng ran you xiao, da bu fen tong xue yi ban dou hui zai da er shu jia zhi hou kao. da san you ji hui chu qu jiao huan de tong xue yi ban dou hui xuan ze zai ying guo jiu kao chu lai. wo zai ying guo jiao huan de shi hou yin wei bi jiao mang mei you zai na bian kao, shi 14 nian shu jia hui guo kao de. zong gong kao le liang ci, dang shi shi lian xu bao ming de, shi jian xiang ge yi zhou, fang bian yi ci fa hui shi chang hou ke yi chen re ji xu kao di er ci. kao shi di dian: 1. kao shi suo zai guo jia dui gei fen you ying xiang ma? da: gen ju da jia pu bian fan ying de qing kuang shi ying guo, gang ao tai, ri ben deng gei fen dou pu bian gao yu da lu zhe li de fen shu cha yi jiu shi zai zhu guan fen: kou yu he xie zuo le. te bie ying guo kou yu dou hui gei de bi jiao gao, yi ban lai shuo guo nei 6 fen zai ying guo ke yi na dao 7 fen zuo you, dan xie zuo bu yi ding. 2. zai da lu kao, kao chang suo zai de cheng shi dui gei fen you ying xiang ma? da: hen duo tong xue dou jue de yi xie er san xian cheng shi de gei fen hui bi jiao gao, yin wei dang di kao sheng de ying yu shui ping ke neng xiang dui bi jiao cha. wo dang shi ye zhe me xiang de, te di qu le an hui he fei kao de. dan shi hou lai fa xian da jia dou shi zhe me xiang de, dang shi tong ge kao chang de ji ge tong xue hu xiang yi wen, quan shi cong jiang zhe hu lai de. suo yi qi shi qu bie bu da. 3. chuan shuo zhong 4 fen nan hai shen ni, 5 fen xiao mian hu lao tou deng kao guan zhen de cun zai ma? da: chuan shuo zhi shi chuan shuo . zan fu zhe me duo qian qu kao, zhe ge fu wu hai shi bu neng tai keng de. cheng ji zhi hui shang xia bo dong 1 fen zhi nei, bi jing cun zai kao guan, ti mu he xue sheng de ge ti cha yi xing. qiao hei ban! xia mian jie shao bei kao fang fa yi ji ting shuo du xie de zhu yi dian bei kao shi jian: xu yao zhun bei kao shi de shi jian yin ren er yi, zhu yao kao ge ren ying yu de ji chu. bu guo ya si zuo wei yi ge kao shi dang ran yao xiang qu de gao fen, xu yao tong guo lian xi ji zong jie lai zhang wo qi ji qiao, zhe yang cai neng you xiao bei kao. wo di yi ci kao shi shi zhun bei le yi ge ban yue, di er ci kao shi shi zhi jie kao wan di yi ci hou xia yi zhou kao de. dang shi zhi jie bao le liang ci lian xu de, di yi ci zhao zhao gan jue. bei kao zong zhan lue he cai liao: zong zhan lue: shuo dao di ya si shi liu xue de yu yan neng li kao shi, shi wei le xue shu ying yu er zhun bei de. suo yi xue shu ying yu shi ben, zhe yi wei zhe ni yao zai you xian de kong jian yu shi jian li zui da cheng du de ti xian ni de xue shu shui ping, ye jiu shi ni de yu yan biao da neng li yu ni yi bu fen de si wei neng li. er zuo dao zhe yi qie fei tong kan mei ju na yang qing song, huo shi ru kan yuan ban xiao shuo na yang ke yi gen ju ge ren xi hao tiao zheng. ya si ben zhi shi ying shi. ru guo jing guo yi chang ya si kao shi, ni na dao le mu biao xue xiao yao qiu de fen shu, jiu dai biao le ni you xiang dang de xue shu ying yu shui ping can yu gai xiao de xue xi. fen shu ke yi hen da bu fen xiang ni zi ji yi ji shen qing xue xiao fan ying ni de yu yan neng li, er fen shu de ping ding you ta de guan fang biao zhun, shi ke kong de. suo yi, zai zhi ding bei kao ji hua zhi qian, bu fang xian gen ju zi ji de shi ji qing kuang ding yi ge mu biao fen shu, bing qu ya si guan wang shang kan mu biao fen shu suo dui ying de biao zhun. xiang qing jian: https: takeielts. britishcouncil. org findoutaboutresults understandyourieltsscores overallbandscoresexplained bei kao ya si de lu zi duo, dan wei yi bu bian de shi zhi shao zai kao qian yi duan shi jian nei, chi xu de shu ru yu shu chu, shi ying zhe zhong kao shi xing shi. ting shuo du xie zai yi ge xue xi gong tong ti zhong. ni ting li shou huo de ju shi yu ci hui, yue du shou huo de wen zhang jie gou, shen zhi lian kou yu shi shou huo de hua ti, dou ke yi zuo wei fu xi ya si de shang hao cai liao, bu duan zheng li zai zi ji de ya si zi liao ku zhong. yao na dao 7 fen, bu neng mang mu xin ren shi mian shang chang xiao de ya si jiao cai, si ji ying bei, kao shi de shi hou sheng ban ying tao. ru guo ni shi kao guan, kan dao de biao da dou qian pian yi lv, ni hui gei gao fen ma? zhu yao yong de bei kao jiao cai: jian qiao ya si zhen ti jian 5 jian 10 zai bei kao de shi hou, wo yi yan jiu zhen ti he guan fang da an wei zhu. zai zhei xie ji chu shang, wo zhu dong di chuang zao yi xie du te de yu liao ku he xin xian de biao da, zai kao shi de shi hou ke yi zhi jie tao yong. xia mian lai shuo shuo ting shuo du xie de ju ti bei kao qing kuang: tu lai zi wo dang shi de ya si bei kao bi ji ting li: ru shang tu wo de bi ji suo shi, ting li yao na 8 fen ji yi shang yi ding yao ba cuo wu kong zhi zai 4 ge yi nei. zuo ting li de ji qiao he xin jiu shi zhua ding wei ci. sui ran ting li zhu yao kan yi qian de ji lei, dan shi ya si de ting li shi ji shang bi jiao jian dan, ke yi tong guo da liang lian xi xun su ti sheng. wo dang shi shi mei tian zuo yi tao zhen ti ting li lian xi, cuo de duo wen zhang jin xing ting xie lian xi, ran hou zong jie cuo wu. zhu yi dian: 1. bu yao fan xiao cuo wu ru dan ci pin xie, da xiao xie, ti mu di zi shu yao qiu deng, zhei xie di fang diu fen fei chang ke xi, da an qi shi jiu shi na ji ge chang jian dan ci. 2. yu dao mei ting qing chu de yi kong bu yao huang, diu le jiu diu le, ji xu zuo ti. bu yao yin wei yi ge kong er luan le zheng ge fang cun. ping shi lian xi de shi jian jiu yao xun lian liang hao de xin li su zhi 3. duo lian xi duo xuan ti, yi ban zai di san dao da ti, wo ren wei zhe ge shi ting li li nan du zui da de, xian zai ji hu mei ci bi kao, ke neng yi cuo jiu cuo liang ge. 4. bu yao liu kong! mei ting dao ye yao gen ju shang xia wen cai yi xia da an. xiang xiang ni jiao de qian zen me zhao ye de da wan na! tu lai zi wo dang shi de ya si bei kao bi ji yue du: ru ting li, yue du yao na 8 fen ji yi shang yi ding yao ba cuo wu kong zhi zai 4 ge yi nei. yue du zhe bu fen he ting li hen xiang, he xin hai shi zhua ding wei ci, kuai su xun zhao da an er bu shi yao qiu quan wen li jie, zhua zhu da gai yi si jiu hao. yin wei wo ping shi shu kan de bi jiao kuai, suo yi zhe yi bu fen wo ji ben mei te bie zhun bei. mei tian ye shi zuo yi tao zhen ti, shu xi ti xing. wo de ji qiao shi he yue du su du kuai de tong xue: wei le bao chi zhun que lv, wo yi ban shi mei pian wen zhang xian kan ti mu, zai qu wen zhang li zhao da an bing hua chu lai, yi ge ge dui ying guo qu. wo yi ban 40 fen zhong nei zuo wan yue du, zai hua 20 fen zhong hui guo tou mei ge jian cha yi bian. you shi jian duo zuan yan yi xia Not given zhe zhong ti mu, you shi hou ni zhi dao shi zhe yang, da an pian pian bu shi, yao liao jie ya si de luo ji. tu lai zi wo de ya si bi ji kou yu: zhu yao shi san ge bu fen, di yi bu fen shi zi wo jie shao, di er bu fen shi hua ti miao shu, di san ge shi yu kao guan tao lun. ru xia tu: tu lai zi wo de ya si bi ji yi xia shi ya si guan fang kou yu de da fen biao zhun: yin wei lai zi xiao cheng shi, gao zhong xue de shi wan quan ya ba ying yu, bu zhi yin biao wei he wu, wo de fa yin yi zhi bu shi hen hao. zai zhe li he da jia fen xiang yi xia duan shi jian nei ti gao dao kou yu 7 fen shui ping de yi xie ji qiao 7 fen yi shang xu yao hen duo ji lei, nan yi su cheng. kou yu si xiang ping fen zhun ze ji xue xi fang xiang: liu li du he lian guan xing Fluency and Coherence 1 duo shu xi ti xing. 2 part 1 he part 3 shuo san ju hua yi shang, ke yi bu chong shuo ming more details, bi ru gai shi dai lai de ying xiang ju li ge ren jing li deng. 3 bi mian zhang shi jian ting dun. 4 jian shao pin fan de chong fu he zi wo geng zheng ci shu. ci hui Lexical Resource 1 ping shi zhu yi ji lei yi xi lie de ci hui miao shu bu tong de hua ti, geng gao ji dian de ci hui, bao kuo su yu li yu deng deng. bi ru like two peas in a pod. xing rong liang ren fei chang xiang si. 2 yue du zhong zhu yi ji lei gu ding da pei. 3 zai he lao wai de jiao liu zhong pick it up. 4 zhu yi dan ci de han yi Connotation: bao yi bian yi zhong xing. li ru slim bao yi, thin zhong xing, skinny bian yi. 5 ping shi zhu yi ji lei bu chang yong de ci hui yi ji chang yong ci de bu chang yong yong fa. bi ru into, I am really into music. wo fei chang xi huan yin yue. foodie chi huo. yu fa Grammatical Range and Accuracy 1 jian shao yu fa cuo wu. 2 jian dan ju fu za ju jiao cuo shi yong, bu yao you da fang xiang de yu fa wen ti. duo yong tiao jian zhuang yu cong ju. fa yin Pronunciation 1 ping fen biao zhun zhong ti ji: you di yi yu yan de kou yin ye mei you guan xi. 2 zhong du. ying yu li chang yong de fa yin xi guan he fa yin ji qiao, bi ru dan ci de zhong yin ju zi de zhong yin. yi ju hua zhong, xiang qiang diao nei ge dan ci jiu zhong yin du ta. 3 Intonation yin diao qi fu. ji dong kai xin shi yin diao shang yang, shang xin bei tong shi yin diao di chen. 4 Chanting yi ju hua zhong you duan zan de ting dun. zhong jian you shao wei de ting dun, er bu shi yi ge dan ci yi ge dan ci tiao chu lai. 5 lian du he tun du. li ru Missed departure fa yin zhi du yi ge d. ying shi kou yu ti fen ji qiao ru he ti gao liu li du 1 ping shi duo shuo duo lian, zhua zhu mei ci lian xi de ji hui. Practicemakes perfect. 2 tong guo lu yin hui fang, gei zi ji dang kao guan, zhu yi zi ji you mei you lian jie ci, shi fou you guo duo ting dun, bu duan jin xing zi wo fan si yi ji ti sheng. PS: ru guo zi ji lu yin ting bu chu lai, xu yao lao shi huo lao wai zai pang bian zhi dao. ru he ti gao ci hui liang 1 ji lei hao ci jin yi ci he mou ge hua ti xiang guan de ci hui, duo qu ying yong xin ji lei de ci hui. 2 zhu yi Range of vocabulary3 Collocation ci yu da pei: e. g. Pay attention to, focus on ru he ti gao yu fa 1 zhi dao jian dan ju fu za ju de ju shi, shu ji yu fa jie gou ji gui ze. 2 yu dao tong yang yi si de ju zi ke yi chang shi yong duo zhong biao da fang shi ji ju shi, duo jia lian xi. ru he ti gao fa yin 1 duo jie jiao wai guo peng you bing he ta men jin xing kou yu jiao liu, xue xi ta men de fa yin. er ru mu ran, qian yi mo hua di jin xing ti sheng. 2 kan mei ju ying ju, qu mo fang fa yin ri chang dui hua deng deng. zhen shi kao ti an li jie xi Part 1Do you usually write by hand or write using acomputer? jian yi ci hui: musthave tool, enhance build up mymemory, get used toPart 2Describe a family member who you are proud of? You should say: Who this person isHow often you spend time togetherWhat he or she does that makes you proudAnd explain why you are proud of this person kan dao ti mu di yi bu, xian fen lei ge zhong hua ti, bi ru gai hua ti shi ren wu, ran hou cong nao hai zhong sou ji suo ji lei de ci hui he ju shi. gai ti jian yi ci hui: like two peas in a pod, inseparable xing ying bu li de, look up to zun jing yi xie he xin Tips: 1. jiu zheng yu yin dang shi yong de jian qiao yu yin guo ji jiao cheng ship orsheep zhe ben shu. zhu yao shi think he thought zhe lei de yao she yin, yuan yin de chang yin duan yin hai you shuo hua de zhong yin he yu diao. 2. zhao yi ge kou yu xiao huo ban mei tian lian xi yi ge ya si kou yu zhen ti, role play, yi ge dang kao guan yi ge dang kao sheng, hu xiang ji shi bing zhi chu cuo wu fei chang tui jian. wo dang shi shi he yi ge kao ya xiao huo ban mei tian lian xi de, gei le wo hen duo de bang zhu, zai zhe li te bie gan xie hou lai na wei xiao huo ban ye kao dao le 7 fen. 3. wo si xia li hui ti qian xie hao yi xie ti mu di da bing bei xia lai, tong shi zheng li zi ji de kou yu yu liao ku. hen duo ju zi ke yi dang wan jin you, dang ni ka zhu de shi hou ke yi tao yong yi xia. dan shi yi ding yao yong zi ji de da an, bu yao bei bie ren de. da jia dou yong na ji ben shu de ji ju hua, kao guan zao zhi dao de, fa xian hui zhi jie gei le 5 fen. yao zhu yi gui na nei xie wan jin you ju zi, topic fan zheng jiu na ji ge. 4. hui da wen ti de da an zui hao shi xin ying you yi si de, bi ru yi xie shi zheng xin wen she hui zheng lun deng. 5. jin liang yong hao de ci hui, zhe li bu dai biao nan ci, da ci, er shi he shi de ci hui. 6. kao qian liang zhou ji zhong lian xi nei xie zui jin liang zhou na de ti ku. zui xin zhen ti ti ku ke yi zai 51 ya si zhao dao. kao shi zhu yi dian: 1. kao shi shi jin liang bu yao tu ran zhong duan bi ru hen liu li di bei wan zi ji zhun bei de dong xi hou jiu mei he kao guan da yan deng xiao yan le. 2. jiu suan shi ti qian you zhun bei, ye yao ren zhen he kao guan jiao liu yan shen a, mian bu biao qing, bu yao shuo de xiang ge ji qi ren huo zhe gan zhe chao sheng. zan jiao le zhe me duo qian, zhi shao ye de man man xiang shou yi xia kao guan men de fu wu. neng shuo duo shao shi duo shao, hai yao dai gan qing. yu dao zi ji shu xi de ti mu ye yao dan ding di shuo wan, yu dao wan quan bu shu xi de ti mu nu li lian xi dao zi ji zhun bei de ti mu. 3. tai du yao hao, bu guan kao guan zhang de duo me ku hen chou shen, zan dou de dang da ye gong zhe, le zi zi de. 4. di er dao ti shi you yi fen zhong zhun bei, xie xia ji ge ping shi zi ji rong yi cuo de di fang ti xing zi ji ru dan fu shu, she he deng deng. zhe lei cuo wu fan le hen duo de hua jiu ken ding 7 fen yi xia le. di er dao ti yao shuo dao kao guan rang ni ting wei zhi. 5. di san dao ti yao zhu yi he kao guan tao lun, hui ying kao guan de wen ti. xie zuo: zhong yu dao le zui hou yi bu fen xie zuo. xiao zuo wen wo zhu yao can kao zhen ti da an de biao da zi ji jin xing zong jie, da zuo wen zhu yao kao' ya si 8 fen wan neng zuo wen' he ping shi ji lei. dang shi bi ji zong jie zuo le 37 ye. xiao zuo wen: wo shi ba suo you lei xing de tu biao dou zong jie le yi xia, zhu yao shi yi xie chang yong de miao shu xing biao da. zong jie hou mei zhong tu biao zai kao qian dou zhi shao lian xi le 3 bian. da zuo wen: zhu yao shu xi yi xia bu tong wen ti de wen zhang jie gou, rang zi ji de guan dian yao you chong zu de lun zheng. tong shi zheng li yi xie hao de ci hui he biao da. dang shi zheng li le 36 ye de da zuo wen yu liao ku, ji ben bao kuo suo you hua ti. xie zuo shun xu yin ren er yi, wo yi ban shi xian xie da zuo wen zai xie xiao zuo wen, yin wei da zuo wen fen shu duo. da zuo wen kong zhi zai 300 zi yi nei, liu xia zu gou shi jian gei xiao zuo wen. zui hou wo xiang tui jian Writing Academic English zhe ben shu. jiu xiang zai ben wen gang kai shi ti dao de, ya si zuo wei liu xue de yi ge yu yan kao shi, ben zhi shang shi xue shu ying yu de yi ge yu re, shi wei xue shu ying yu fu wu de. sui ran zhe ben shu bu shi ya si xie zuo zhi jie de ying shi jiao ke shu. ta jiang de shi geng hong guan di ru he ti gao xue shu ying yu xie zuo, dui ya si xie zuo de ti gao he shen hua zi ran hen you bang zhu. Brief introduction: A stepbystep approach guides students through the process of writingparagraphs and essays. Clear models and varied practice help students to develop confidence and amature writing style. Examples with academic content prime students for college work. Appendices offer easy reference for key writing, grammar, and researchinformation. New to the Fourth Edition A chapter dedicated to each pattern of essay organization A chapter on argumentation and using material from outside sources Thoughtprovoking readings from authentic sources An expanded chapter on summary and paraphrase Instruction in the basics of research and documentation cong yi ge duan luo dao yi pian lun wen, xun xu jian jin di yin dao du zhe qing xi de mo xing yu duo yang de lian xi bang zhu xing cheng xie zuo zi xin yi ji cheng shu de xie zuo feng ge yi xue shu nei rong wei bei jing de li zi shi ying da xue xue xi de xu yao fu lu ti gong le you guan xie zuo yao dian yu fa yi ji yan jiu xin xi de can kao yi ge zhang jie jiang shu liao bu tong de lun wen jie gou yi ge zhang jie zhuo zhong qiang diao liao ru he you xiao lun shu yi ji cong wai bu huo qu xie zuo cai liao yi ge xin zeng zhang jie jiang shu zong jie yu fen duan yi xie yin ren shen si de quan wei yue du cai liao zai sou suo cai ji xin xi yu ji lu shang de zhi dao yi xia shi ci shu zhong you guan lian jie ci de nei rong. xi wang neng bang zhu da jia da dao coherence and cohesion de biao zhun. zhi qian shang chuan de biao ge nei rong gao hu, shou dong da chu lai la. xi wang dui da jia you bang zhu Source: Oshima, A and Hogue, A 1999 Writing Academic English Third Edition. White Plains: Longman yi xia qi ta gong neng de lian jie ci zai ya si kao shi zhong ye xu zhong shi: 1. biao ming shi jian yu pin lv de ci hui: in general, every, some, after, on the whole, usually, most, at other times, inmost cases frequently main finally as a rule rarely before meanwhile, etc. qi zhong shi jian shun xu ci hui: then, first, at once, , next, after that , previously, while, when, the following day, etc. 2. biao shi wen zhang de zu zhi jie gou de ci hui: 1 Listing: firstly, in the first place, secondly, thirdly, the next point is, last finally, etc. 2 Illustrating: namely, as an example, for example for instance, to illustrate, an example instance of this is, let us take.., take. for example, that is, etc. 3 Restating: in other words, that is to say, to put it another way, let me putit this way, or rather, namely, etc. 4 Referring: in this respect, in that connection, as it said, apart from this, etc. 5 Resuming: to resume, to return to the previous point, getting back to theargument, etc. 6 Summarizing: to sum up, all in all, in consequence, in brief, as a result, the point is, in conclusion, therefore, hence, in sum, in short, it amounts tothis, what I have been saying is this, etc. 7 Emphasizing: it is worth noting, this essay would like to direct people' s attention to, it can be consideredthat, sth must now turn to, it shall begin by, etc. 3. biao ming zuo zhe de guan dian yu tai du 1 biao shi fu jia guan dian: as well as, just as, again, along with, also, moreover, further, furthermore, in addition to, what is more, additionaly, likewise, in the sametime, etc. 2 yuan yin: because of, since, owing to, on account of, due to, as a result of, etc. 3 jie guo: as a result, hence, therefore, consequently, thus, so, etc. 4 zhuan zhe: although, instead, rather than, though, otherwise, it is also the case, foranother perspective, in by contrast, on the contrary, on the other hand, nevertheless, whereas, while, yet, however, but, etc. 5 dui bi: in like manner, likewise, in the same way, similarly, in comparison with, etc. 6 Purpose: to this end, for this purpose, with this in mind, in order to, so that, etc. 7 Intensification: indeed, in fact, in any event case, at no time, to tell the truth, etc. 8 biao ming ge ren guan dian: it seems appears that the fact that, suggests that the factthat, leads to the inference that it is possible feasible probable that etc. kao shi dang ri: wo de kao shi ti yan: kou yu: kao kou yu na tian wo zao shang 5 dian qi lai jin xing zui hou de hui gu. wo ba zhi qian zhun bei de yu liao ku quan bei le hao ji bian, zha kan le jin qi de ti ku. 1. di yi ci kao shi: kao guan shi ge dai hen qi guai kou yin de hei ren da shu. zhe wei kao guan kan qi lai yi lian bu shuang, sui ran wo xiao de hen can lan, hai shi keng le. di er dao ti wen wo can jia guo de yi ge bi sai. gang hao shi wo zhun bei guo de. kao wan xiang zhe zhe ci hai bu 7 fen wen le? zui hou cai 6. 5 fen. kui wo hai yi kai shi jiu kua ren jia chuan zhe you pin wei. 2. di er ci kao shi: kao guan shi yi ge gao leng de bai ren lao ye ye. zhe ci jin xing de bi jiao zheng chang, di er dao ti de shi hou ti mu shi shuo shuo ni de yi ge wai guo peng you. wo jiu shuo le yi ge xin yang yi si lan jiao de peng you, er qie shuo dao wo yi qian dui yi si lan zhe ge zong jiao de pian jian yi ji ta shi zen me gai bian wo zhe ge kan fa de.. zui hou che dao ISIS qu le. di san dao ti shuo dao you yi, wo jiu cong she hui xue de jiao du gei le yi xie da an. ting li: wo di yi ci kao shi shi, ting li fang dao zui hou yi ti er ji huai le. zui hou san ge kong cai de, dang shi wu yu le, zhu yao shi wo zai shi ting shi fa xian le er ji you yi dian dian zao yin, dan mei you bao gao lao shi. te bie ti xing, zhe li qing kuang xia yi ding yao yao qiu geng huan er ji!!!! bu ran yi men ta fang, hou mian quan dou bai kao le yue du: yin wei zhi qian gao su lian xi de duo, kao shi de shi hou bi jiao shi ying, liu xia le jiao duo de shi jian fan fu jian cha. xie zuo: di yi ci kao shi: da zuo wen xie high le, xie le 400 duo zi, hua le tai duo shi jian, jie guo xie xiao zuo wen de shi hou zhi you 10 fen zhong le. yu dao de hai shi zui xin de liu cheng tu, miao shu" zen me yan xian yu", yu shi di yi ci bei ju le. di er ci kao shi: xi qu le jiao xun, da zuo wen jian hao jiu shou, jie guo hai hao. zhu yi dian: 1. xiao zuo wen de shi tai! 2. da zuo wen zi shu zui li xiang shi 300 zuo you, bu yao xie tai duo ye bu yao tai shao. kao qian duo lian liu cheng tu, hao xiang kao de bi jiao re men. 3. xie da zuo wen qian zui hao zai zhi shang lie ge jian yao de si lu 12 fen zhong, zhe yang xie qi lai you mu di xing. xiao zuo wen shi wan quan neng kao tao lu gao ding de, da zuo wen yao kao ping shi ji lei.' ya si 8 fen wan neng zuo wen' shi wan quan you lao wai xie de, biao da yao shi yi hua le, ke yi shao wei jie jian yi xia qi yu yan,' shen xiao yi shi tian tu po ya si xie zuo' ze tai gong shi hua le, yong ta de tao lu xie da zuo wen feng xian hen da. liang zhe zong he yi xia bi jiao hao. da zuo wen yao jin kou zi ji de argument, ou er ye ke yi mai nong yi xia wen cai, yong yi xie pai bi, dao zhuang, xu ni sha de. kao hou fu yi: dang jue de zi ji cheng ji he xiang xiang chu ru bi jiao da, huo zhe mou yi men jiu cha 0. 5 bu fang shi shi shen su. mei ci kao shi zhi neng shen su yi xia, xu yao 1050RMB. shen su cheng gong neng quan e tui kuan, shen su shi bai neng bu tui. suo yi jian yi dui zi ji de fa hui you xin xin er qie jiu cha yi dian dian de tong xue shen su yi xia. chang jian yi wen: 1. yao bu yao xie yi feng yang yang sa sa rang ren kan le lei liu man mian di shen su xin? da: bu xu yao, xie le ye bu hui bei chong xin shen he de kao guan kan dao. ni de lu yin he zuo wen shi bei song dao ying guo ya si zhong xin you zi shen zhuan jia chong xin shen he de. 2. shen su hui jiang fen ma? da: bu hui, shen su jie guo yao me shi yuan fen bu dong, qian mei le, yao me shi fen ti gao, qian tui hui. 3. shen su yao hua duo jiu? da: yi ban shi zai guan wang ti jiao shen su qing qiu hou yi ge yue nei tong zhi jie guo. 4. shen su neng ti gao duo shao fen? yi ban dan ke 0. 5 huo zhe 1 fen. ti gao zhi qian gai de kao guan bi jiao li pu. wo de shen su: wo di yi ci kao wan, jue de xie zuo he kou yu fen shu tai li pu, xuan ze le shen su, jie guo shen su shi bai. di er ci kao wan yin wei zuo wen zhi you 6. 5, jue de tai keng, you qu shen su, zhe ci shen su cheng gong le, cong 6. 5 cheng gong ti dao 7. 5, yu shi jun fen ye cong 7. 5 bian dao 8 le. yi xia shi shen su cheng gong de wen jian, gong da jia can kao: ru guo ni dui wo guan yu yu yan xue xi fang mian hui da gan xing qu, huan ying guan zhu: ying yu de dao yu shu lian zai: fang fa lun: xiao feng xue zhang: zen yang cai neng cong ying yu hen zao gao de ren bian cheng ying yu hen li hai de ren? dan ci: xiao feng xue zhang: you shen me xiang jian hen wan de bei dan ci fang fa? jie yu: hao le, yi shang jiu shi wo de ya si zong jie, xi wang dui da jia you suo bang zhu. ye zhu da jia zao ri na dao kao le zhe zhi ya zi bing na dao zi ji xin yi xue xiao de offer. PS: hen duo xue di xue mei si xin wo wen ti, te di jian le yi ge ya si xue xi jiao liu qun, qun nei mei tian you ying yu dan ci jian bao he ying wen yue du jian bao, mei zhou ri fen xiang yi ci xue zhang jing xin zheng li de gan huo, ding qi zu zhi jiao liu he da yi. he yi qun zheng neng liang, ai hao yu yan de xiao huo ban bao tuan xue xi. xu yao de xiao huo ban qing zai wo de wei xin gong hao xiao feng xue zhang xuxiaofeng600 hui fu" ru qun". liang xin ma zi, ru guo ni jue de ben wen you bang zhu, jiu dian zan rang geng duo bei ya si suo ku de xiao huo ban kan dao ha xie xie!

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梦想和现实的唯一区别是努力。

????陕西企业家马志军访谈录

????动力照亮人生,创业改变命运。

?? 9momo_中文资讯平台;?“有人说,我们的时代不缺机遇,所以必然会让每个人都面临很多选择,那么,顺应自己的内心,或者随波逐流;直接面对挑战,或者逃离荒野;选择功利喧嚣的时刻,或者是那种F永恒的平静;无论如何,我希望每个人都能谋生。回首不让自己后悔的选择。这就是董卿在《读者》中对选择的定义。今天,我们将与陕西一位独立创业者、电子商务项目运营商、专业经理、基层媒体人“刀耕火种青年”和网络公司负责人马志军先生进行座谈。

????我第一次见到马先生时,他非常热情。他一点领导能力都没有,大多数都是那些取得成功的人的毅力。在与他交流的过程中,我们了解到他出生于1978年,是西安最有影响力的微博写手之一。他操纵了许多项目的运作、品牌建设和宣传,然后将重点转移到产品推广上。关于这个转变,他说:杜乐不如仲乐。我认为仅仅享受互联网带来的红利是不够的。我想和更多的人一起享受互联网带来的红利放逐天际的女子_中文资讯平台。我认为如果我们一起去,我们可以走得更远。

????我们在问他5G时代的到来和互联网的发展,但在我们的交流中,我觉得他是一个哲学家,一个生活中的艺术家。

????虽然是一位资深的草根媒体人,但他一直是陕西民俗文化的传承者,是一位积极向上、乐观向上、脚踏实地的发言人。在他为数不多的作品中,更多的是对社会现象的深刻反思和对隐秘民俗文化的深刻继承。他不仅坚守个人抱负,而且有社会责任感。他熟悉他走过的每一条街的民间传说。即使是隐藏在鲜为人知的小巷里的建筑,他也可以算作珍宝。

??? 宜君吧_中文资讯平台;当然,马英九令人钦佩,不仅因为他对待生活的态度、分享认知理念,移动万花筒_中文资讯平台更因为他卓越的领导能力和思考能力。在马先生的领导下,他参与的公司项目总是获得良好的声誉和良好的业绩。他不仅善于赋予团队成员权力,而且还能振兴公司。

??? 紫金矿业今日股价_中文资讯平台;在信息时代,网络传播是获取信息的主要渠道,自媒体产业无疑是一个朝阳产业。为此,我们向马先生询问了他对如何健康、正确发展自媒体的看法。

????马云表示:“网络媒体的出现为更多有才华和理想的人提供了一个平台。在自我媒体领域,你可以做你最喜欢做的事,跟随你的心。对于自媒体的健康发展,我认为最重要的是初衷。无论是成功还是失败,都不要忘记初衷。其次,坚持冻僵三脚一天不感冒的原则。不能半途而废传媒业和推广领域。日复一日,何洁年龄_中文资讯平台相信自己,总有一天你会成功的。

????采访为什么足彩倍投不能赢时,我们向马先生表示衷心的感谢。以一种模糊的方式,我们似乎找到了马先生的成功之路。他不骄胜不骄败。他总是为自己寻找理由,努力以最好的方式发展。他总是和别人分享他的知识。大家都知道这是他的目的。

????没有人能随随便便成功。只有梦想和现实之间的区别。世界上没有办法。许多人走路,他们就成了路。我们相信,因为像马志军先生这样的个体经营、自强不息的人不计其数,我们的社会更值得期待。

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